|Services > Internal Medicine
For any medical problem your horse may have the first
and most important diagnostic is a thorough
physical examination. The veterinarians at Old Waterloo Equine Clinic
this an important part of every visit. The results of the
physical examination are used to diagnose and determine the steps
needed for treatment.
We have a wide variety of diagnostic equipment that is
mobile, so we can do further diagnosis on the farm. Sometimes more
specialized equipment is needed, and the horse needs to be brought to
Some of our advanced diagnostic services include:
Ultrasound evaluation of organs
- The endoscope is a flexible light tube which can be
passed down the nose and trachea to view the upper respiratory system
and lower airways looking for abnormalities, infection and
- It can be passed into the stomach to observe gastric ulcers and other diseases of the stomach.
- The endoscope can also be passed into the urinary bladder to detect stones, infection.
Biopsies, abdominocentesis, and spinal taps
- The ultrasound works like radar sending sound waves through
the body and detecting the waves that bounce back off various tissues.
The waves do not go through bone, so this system is used for soft
tissue, organs and the surface of bones.
- The ultrsound is used for detecting infection and
inflammation in internal organs such as liver, lungs, and
- We also use ultrasound to determine the cause of lumps and swellings which might be abscesses, abnormal lymph nodes, or cancers.
- A biopsy removes suspect tissue for further laboratory
evaluation to diagnose inflammatory or infectious processes and types
- Abdominocentesis removes fluid from the abdominal
cavity by needle puncture to determine possible causes and severity of
- Spinal taps are used to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for confirmation of diseases such as EPM
- Blood samples are taken for testing to evaluate organ function, and identify infectious and non-infectious diseases.
- Other fluids such as joint fluid can also be evaluated for inflammation and infection.
- Cultures to check for bacterial growth, identification and sensitivity to
antibiotics can be done on many kinds of samples taken from all areas
of the body.